Pinnacle Psychology

(ISSN: 2360-9508)

June 2014, Vol. 1 (2).

© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

 

STRESS CONTROL TRAINING FOR WOMEN WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME

Lucia Emmanoel Novaes Malagris1, Marilda E. N. Lipp2*

1Instituto de Psicologia,
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,
Av. Pasteur, 250,,
CEP 22290-902 Praia Vermelha - Rio de Janeiro / RJ, Brazil.
Post Doctoral Grant from Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa - CNPQ
Grant Number 152009-2008-6.

2Institute of Psychology and Stress Control

Accepted 23 June, 2014; Available Online 26 June, 2014.

Abstract:

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by the concurrent presence in one individual of at least three of the following: abdominal obesity, glucose intolerance/insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Inadequate diet, sedentariness, tobacco usage, alcoholism and excessive stress are risk factors in the development of MetS. The aim of this study was to ascertain if Stress Control Training (SCT) would promote beneficial alterations in these risk factors in a group of 32 women with MetS; 15 of them in the Experimental Group (EG) , subjected to SCT, and 17 in the Control Group (CG). After SCT, it was found for the EG a significant reduction in: stress (p=0.005), total Cholesterol (p=0.012), LDL (p=0.0133), consumption of Linseed (p=0.03) and a reduction in the consumption of Kcal (p=0.028). SCT reduced the risk factors, stress and inadequate diet, and so contributed to reduction in MetS components such as total Cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. If the present data are confirmed in future studies performed on a larger number of participants, SCT will be a psychological treatment model of great use as a prophylactic measure for coronary diseases inasmuch as it could reduce the risk factors involved in MetS.

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