Pinnacle Medicine & Medical Sciences

(ISSN: 2360-9516)

May 2016, Vol. 3 (2).

© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

 

Knowledge Of Risk Factors Of Prostate Cancer In Men Over 40 Years In A Hospital Outpatient Ward In Mexico

Cuevas Reyes Blanca Luz1, Sepúlveda Covarrubias Maribel2*, Dr. Reyna Ávila Leticia3
Díaz González Lucio4, Jarquín Sepulveda Areli5, Cruz Velásquez Ma. Del Carmen6,
Heredia Covarrubias María de Jesús7

Docente investigadora de la Unidad Académica de Enfermería N°1, de la UAGro. Con Maestría en educación.1

Docente investigadora de la Unidad Académica de Enfermería N°1, de la UAGro. Dra. En Bioética con Maestría en enfermería con énfasis en salud comunitaria. Coordinadora del Cuerpo Académico "Enfermería y Salud Reproductiva" 2*

Docente investigadora de la Unidad Académica de Enfermería N°1, de la UAGro. Con Maestría en enfermería.3

Docente investigador de la Unidad Académica de Matemáticas de la UAGro, con maestría en ciencias Área estadística aplicada.4

Licenciada en la enseñanza del idioma inglés. Est. de la Maestría en Multiculturalidad y Plurilingüismo en el Instituto Windsor.5

Docente investigadora de la Unidad Académica de Enfermería N°1, de la UAGro. Con Maestría en enfermería6

Docente investigadora de la Unidad Académica de Enfermería N°1, de la UAGro. Con Maestría en enfermería.7




Accepted 9 may, 2016; Available Online 12 May, 2016.

Abstract:

Introduction: Prostate cancer (CAP) is one of the major health problems affecting the male population; its frequency increases with age and 90% of cases are diagnosed in people over 65 years. WHO estimates that the number of new cases of prostate cancer reaches 10 million annually in 2015 and the annual number of cancer deaths worldwide will double from 6 million in 2000 to 12 million in 2020 Objective: To identify the knowledge on Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer in Men over 40 years attending the outpatient ward of a second level hospital in Mexico. Methods: The research was quantitative, descriptive, and transversal; the instrument was a questionnaire with 27 reactive's. Applying the measuring instrument to 120 users over 40 years old with suspected prostate cancer who attended the outpatient clinic during the month of May 2014 and who wished to participate. For the analysis of the information was used SPSS v21. Results: The study showed that respondents know some risk factors such as family history (30.8 %), alcohol (26.7%), promiscuity (48.3%), food (41.3%), contact with chemicals (43.3%) and physical inactivity (35.0 %), in knowledge of some types of studies to detect Prostate Cancer (CAP) 55.8 % of the population is unaware of any study, 42.5% say they are the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA ) and digital rectal examination (DRE), when asked about if they knew how studies of PSA and DRE are made, 58.3% and 54.2% mentioned no, but 38.3% and 40.8 % reported yes. Conclusions: men have a poor knowledge regarding risk factors, symptoms and types of studies existing to diagnose prostate cancer. There is evidence of poor awareness among the male population regarding this neoplasia.

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