Pinnacle Educational Research & Development

(ISSN: 2360-9494)

March 2019, Vol. 7 (2).

© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article


Jorge Luis Borges Or The Aesthetics Of Degraded Morals (Aleph 1949)

Rafael Ruiloba Caparroso

Accepted 15 March, 2019; Available Online 19 March, 2019.


Ana María Barrenechea in The expression of unreality in the work of Borges (1967) with a stylistic approach has stressed that Borges's stories are key stories. Donald Yates (1981) in his Siege of Jorge Luis Borges postulates that Borges writes based on a narrative formula, which he calls the appreciation of the essence of the drama. This key Arturo Echavarria (1983) in Borges's Language and Literature defines it as a metaphysical ontology. Mary Luskie Friedman In A Morphology of Borges's Stories (1990) using a psychoanalytic approach concludes that Borges reiterates the same paradigm. The important thing about these studies is not their conclusions, but prefigure the elements that articulate the key to Borges' narrative. However, in the study of Luskie, to happen that the key is incomplete, she proposes an important thesis, on the most complex part of model of writing borgena. Let's see how this aesthetic works, to postulate this interpretation, if we take as a reference a Borges story to see that key: Emma Zuns from Aleph In the story Borges develops fully what in this essay we call the aesthetics of degraded morals. Emma is an Argentine worker of German Jewish origin who receives a letter from Brazil, where she is told that Mr. Manuel Meyer has ingested, by mistake, a strong dose of poison; who sent the letter does not know that Manuel Meyer was actually Emanuel Zunz, his father. The death of the father is characterized "as the only thing that had happened in the world and would continue to happen without end" The letter announcing death is the reason for what will happen later in the story. So she "acted as if somehow knew the subsequent events" The action is actually an action of eternal return, because she sees that it is part of a reality that is repeated. What is the text that is repeated as an archetype? Emma remembers life with her father, the lost happiness of a primordial time. The cause of this is Aaron Loewethal, his boss, who embezzled the company, for which he blamed his father. Therefore the action of Emma, is the revengeful reaction to the fault committed by his boss against his father, an action that had happened before, at least he feels it in his conscience. Again due to this emphasis of the narrator, we ask ourselves again what is the reality that is repeated?.

 [ View Abstract                                        [ Full Text: PDF ]

Information for Authors
Author Guidelines

Submit Manuscript

Author FAQ

Copyright Policy

Ethical Guidelines

Article Processing Fee