Pinnacle Educational Research & Development

(ISSN: 2360-9494)

January 2016, Vol. 4 (1).

© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article


Impact Of Khartoum Refinery Gaseous By-Products On The Environment

Hind Abdel Moneim Khogali1*, Supervisor: Prof. Abdel Haleem Hassan El Nadi2

College Of Architecture Engineering and Digital Design (CADD)1*,
Architecture Department,
Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, KSA.

Future University,
Khartoum, Sudan.

Faculty of Science2,
Khartoum University.

Accepted 27 January, 2016; Available Online 29 January, 2016.


Sudan has become one of the oil producing countries since 2000 . Petroleum as an energy source represents 16 % of the energy balance of the country. The processes of prospecting, transportation, refining and utilization of petroleum may have serious negative impacts on the environment. This study focuses on the determination of the nature and concentration of the main gases ensuing during the process of oil refining, at Khartoum Refinery. Also, investigation into means and ways adopted by the Refinery to reduce the negative impact of gaseous by-products on the environment are reviewed. The gaseous by- products analyzed include SO2, NOX and CO. It is found that the analytical results of the gaseous by -products are compatible with the Chinese, Global Bank Guide and The Sudanese Standards.. However, the methods adopted in controlling the pH and the chemical oxygen demand needs revising. Some recommendations are proposed in order to curb the impact of this industry on the environment.

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