Pinnacle Educational Research & Development

(ISSN: 2360-9494)

October 2015, Vol. 3 (8).

© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article


Impact Of Khartoum Refinery Waste Water Pollutants On The Environment

Hind Abdel Moneim Khogali1*, Supervisor: Prof. Abdel Haleem Hassan El Nadi2

College Of Architecture Engineering and Digital Design (CADD)1*,
Architecture Department,
Dar Al Uloom University,
Riyadh, KSA.

Faculty of Science2,
Khartoum University.

Accepted 5 October, 2015; Available Online 8 October, 2015.


Sudan has become one of the oil producing countries since 2000. Petroleum as an energy source represents 16 % of the energy balance of the country. The processes of prospecting, transportation, refining and utilization of petroleum may have serious negative impacts on the environment. This study focuses on the determination of pollutants in waste water at Khartoum Refinery. Likewise, the study reviewed means and ways adopted by the Refinery to reduce negative impact of such pollutants on the environment. Waste water pollutants analysed included: pH, oil and grease, sulphides, phenols, nitrogen and ammonia , total suspended solids (TSS), biological oxygen demand (BOD), and chemical oxygen demand (COD). It is found that analytical results of pollutants at the outlet of treated effluent are compatible with Chinese and Sudanese Standards as regards oil and grease; phenols; nitrogen and ammonia; total suspended solids; biological oxygen demand and sulphides. This demonstrates the effectiveness of treatment methods adopted by the Refinery in dealing with the above mentioned gaseous by products and water pollutants. However, methods adopted in controlling pH and chemical oxygen demand need revising. Some recommendations are proposed in order to curb the impact of this industry on the environment.

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