Pinnacle Biotechnology

May 2014, Vol.1 (2).

© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

 

Spirulina microalga: A Food for future


YACOUB Idriss HALAWLAW1*

1Department of Physics,
Faculty of Pure and Applied Science,
University of N'Djamena,
Chad.

*Laboratory of Studies and Research on Renewable Energies and local Materials (LERM),
University of N'Djamena,
BP 1027, FARCHA Road, N'Djamena,
Chad.

Accepted 24 April, 2014; Available Online 19 May, 2014

Abstract:

Spirulina is a microscopic algae, known also as blue-green algae. It belongs to the family of cyanophyceae. These beings are original and very enigmatic: they feed themselves by photosynthesis like plants but their cells have no cellulosic membrane like bacteria (which explains their very high digestibility, about 83%). They appeared very early on Earth, more than 3 billion years ago. By their intense production of oxygen they considerably modified the atmosphere on Earth so it became possible for organic life to emerge. In this paper were emphasized the nutritional and pharmaceutical values of this algae. The economic role and the possibilities for artificial culture of Spirulina in a southern environment are analyzed. Then a survey of other uses of Spirulina is suggested. Furthermore, thermophysical studies of Spirulina were performed in order to understand its behavior during drying and the possibilities of riches generation by commercializing these algae for Chad. The production of Spirulina is very simple and it can be mastered by any peasant which is very interesting for developing countries.




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