Pinnacle Agricultural Research & Management

(ISSN: 2360-9451)

December 2014, Vol. 2 (3).

© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article

 

The Productive and Reproductive Performance of Fuja Dairy Cows Kept in Zero Grazing and Grazing Range Land in Western Sudan

A .O. Idris1*, I. Tibin2, S .Bakheet3, H. A. A. Elbukhari4, H.A. El Taher5, S .Zariba6 & A. Hamid7

1,4Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies,
Peace University,
P.O. Box 20, El Fulla, Sudan.

2Faculty of Animal Production,
University of Khartoum,
P.O. Box 32, Khartoum-North, Sudan.

3Faculty of Animal Production,
University of Kordofan,
P.O. Box 160, El Obied, Sudan.

5Institute of Molecular Biology,
University of Nyala, Sudan.

6,7Faculty of Islamic Studies,
University of Western Kordofan El Nuhoud,
Sudan.

 

Accepted 15 December, 2014; Available Online 24 December, 2014

Abstract:

This research work was conducted to suggest and develop feed supplementation strategies for improving milk production of Fuja herds in Kordofan states (Sudan); utilizing local feedstuffs to cover feed shortage during dry season. Forty lactating Fuja cows and their calves were used in this study. They were divided into four groups, A, B and D (grazing group) and C (zero grazing group). A General Linear Model procedure of SAS (SAS, 2001) was used to analyze the recorded data. The obtained results indicated that dietary supplementation and grazing type had significant (P <0.05) effect on daily and total milk yield; it was observed that Cows supplemented after grazing produced higher milk yield than zero grazing group. Also, the results revealed that age and seasons significantly (P<0.05) influenced milk yield (daily milk and total milk yield were highest for cows in winter, followed by those of summer and rainy season). Furthermore, the result elucidated that there was significantly (P<0.05) shorter interval for 2nd parity, and relatively a longer days for the 3rd parity, whereas, cows in the third parity recorded longer calving interval compared with cows in the second parity. It is possible to conclude that post-partum supplementation of nomadic milking cows with energy and concentrate mixtures using local materials during the dry season effectively improved production performance; particularly milk yield during early and mid-lactation periods.

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